Salmastetsi male R1b1a2 haplogroup has the predominant DNA which migrated into Europe during Neolithic era, 10,000 - 4,500 BC, as shown by the intensity of red color, according to Harvard University paper, 2014.
Research by Anahit Hovhannisyan
Bull-shaped tombstone in Sarna/Salmast, 1978 (photo by Marco Brambilla, architect.)
Statues of bulls can be found in various ancient civilizations. There are many handles with bullheads around cauldrons, also in Uratian bronze shields and wall paintings. The bull was a symbol of the Urartian god Teishebani. It was also a symbol of power. Architect Rafayel Israelian, in his famous design of the Sardarbad Memorial, was inspired by Urartian bullheads – here it symbolizes the power of the Armenian People. You can see bullheads on top of columns in Persepolis ruins in Iran.
During the Christian Era, they continued to use the bull’s image. The bull was a symbol of the apostle Luke. Sometimes, it was used as a symbol in Christianity. The bull in this photo is a tombstone. Armenians used this type mainly in cemeteries, especially in Old Julfa (Hin Jugha).
(As described by architect and art historian Sarkis Balmanoukian of Glendale, California).
Typical design of a Medieval purse, dating back to 1390, crafted by Awague Salmassi. This design is currently being replicated by modern design houses.
Salmastetsi Stone Carvers, hired by Medieval Romans
Vardan Mamikonian's final resting place is located in Salmast. After standing still for almost 1500 years, it was destroyed piece by piece between 1940-1945 when Soviet Soldiers invaded Iran and used the concrete of the cemetery to build shields for themselves.
Source: RAA book on Salmast, 2019
Fort Berjuk, Medieval Artillery-Resistant Curved- Facade Forts
Salmast Region, Minas Village, 2000-year old stone inscription, Sassanid Dynasty Era
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